These indicate you are continuing with the same point or train of thought, but just adding more detail to back up your idea.
These indicate that you are changing direction after presenting one point of view.
You need to show a contrast.
To help the reader, you will need to mark a route though your thinking.
Paragraphs are there to do that job.
They are described as a unit of thought.
In any writing, the paragraph should contain one main idea; usually, in just one sentence, known as the topic sentence.
Your section head is the summary of the issues raised in your paragraphs.
Your paragraphs must link together with each paragraph being a summary of the one below.
You drill down into the detail, not start with it.
In paragraphs, the first and last sentences have key roles.
- The writer uses it to state the main idea.
- It is sometimes used also to link upward to the paragraph above.
- Occasionally, the topic sentence is in the middle of the paragraph because continuity is required with the paragraph above – background may be needed before you launch into the new idea in the new paragraph.
- It is often used to summarise the paragraph – a mini conclusion.
- It can link the paragraph to the next and lead the discussion on.
There is no set length for a paragraph.
Draw mind maps, use card files, flip charts or any other visual way for you to sort the information.
Find groupings in the information, and label them tentatively as subheads or sections.
Think about how you are going to gather the facts, evidence and comments to answer the question posed in your introduction.
- Are there to remind, not inform.
- Should always contain three elements and terms of reference and approach.
- Should only be as long as necessary for clarity.